Last major update issued on February 6, 2010 at 05:00 UTC.
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The geomagnetic field was quiet on February 5. Solar wind speed ranged between 316 and 355 km/s.
Solar flux measured at 20h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 77.8. The planetary A index was 3 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap indices: 3.0). Three hour interval K indices: 00001211 (planetary), 00101111 (Boulder).
The background x-ray flux is at the class A6 level.
At midnight there were 3 spotted regions on the visible solar disk.
Region 11043 decayed slowly and quietly.
Spotted regions not numbered by NOAA/SWPC:
[S749] This region emerged late in the day in the northern hemisphere near the central meridian. Location at midnight: N19E02.
[S750] The region emerged quickly late in the day in the northeast quadrant. The initial magnetic field configuration is complex and the region has a high potential for further development. C flares are possible. Location at midnight: N22E26.
February 3-5: No obvious partially or fully Earth directed CMEs were observed in LASCO or STEREO imagery.
Coronal hole history (since late October 2002)
Compare today's report to the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago
A recurrent coronal hole (CH390) in the northern hemisphere will rotate into an Earth facing position on February 6-7.
Processed SOHO/EIT 195 image at 00:48 UTC on February 6. The darkest areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.
Long distance low and medium frequency (below 2 MHz) propagation along paths north of due west over high and upper middle latitudes is good. Propagation on long distance northeast-southwest paths is poor.
The geomagnetic field is expected to be mostly quiet on February 6-9. A high speed stream from CH390 could cause unsettled to active conditions on February 10.
|Coronal holes (1)||Coronal mass ejections (2)||M and X class flares (3)|
1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth
within the next 5 days. When the high speed stream has arrived the
color changes to green.
2) Effects from a CME are likely to be observed at Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.
Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.
Compare to the previous day's image.
Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by NOAA/SWPC. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SWPC or where SWPC has observed no spots. SWPC active region numbers in the table below and in the active region map above are the historic SWPC/USAF numbers.
|Active region||Date numbered||SWPC
|Location at midnight||Area||Classification||Comment|
|11043||2010.01.30||1||1||N24W50||0020||HAX||classification was HSX at midnight|
|11044||2010.02.05||1||N18W36||0010||AXX||spotless at midnight|
|Total spot count:||2||7|
|Month||Average measured solar flux||International sunspot number (SIDC)||Smoothed sunspot number||Average Ap
cycle 23 sunspot max.
|2009.08||67.3||0.0||(4.5 predicted, +0.9)||5.70|
|2009.09||70.5||4.2||(5.5 predicted, +1.0)||3.88|
|2009.10||72.6||4.6||(6.6 predicted, +1.1)||3.66|
|2009.11||73.6||4.2||(7.8 predicted, +1.2)||2.45|
|2009.12||76.7||10.6||(9.2 predicted, +1.4)||1.41 / 1.92|
|2010.01||81.1||13.1||(11.0 predicted, +1.8)||2.93|
|2010.02||75.3 (1)||2.5 (2)||(13.0 predicted, +2.0)||(5.9)|
1) Running average based on the
daily 20:00 UTC observed solar flux
value at 2800 MHz.
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (NOAA/SWPC) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 30-50% lower.
3) Running average based on the daily SWPC ap indices. Values in red are based on official NGDC records.
This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and analysis, and partly on data from some of these solar data sources. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.