Last update issued on July 1, 2003 at 04:10 UTC.
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The geomagnetic field was unsettled to minor storm on June 30. Solar wind speed ranged between 673 and 791 km/sec under the influence of a high speed stream from coronal hole CH46.
Solar flux measured at 20h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 128.2. The planetary A
index was 20 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap indices: 22.0).
Three hour interval K indices: 44543333 (planetary), 44543432 (Boulder).
The background x-ray flux is at the class B3 level.
At midnight there were 9 spotted regions on the visible disk. Solar flare activity was low. A total of 8 C class events was recorded during the day.
Region 10390 decayed slowly and quietly.
Region 10392 was quiet and stable, the region is likely to become spotless within a couple of days.
Region 10394 decayed further and lost all trailing spots.
Region 10395 decayed slowly and quietly.
Region 10396 decayed in the trailing spot section and developed in other parts of the region, particularly in the intermediate spot section. This is where there is little separation between the positive and negative polarity spots and where flare activity has been observed. Flares: C6.5 at 00:12, C8.0 at 02:24, C1.6 at 05:25, C2.2 at 09:03 and C1.0 at 16:21 UTC.
Region 10397 developed further in the northern part of the trailing spots section where a magnetic delta structure has formed. M class flaring is possible. Flares: C4.4 at 00:19 (this event can easily be separated from the above event in region 10396 in GOES 1 minute x-ray data), C1.3 at 01:58 and C5.2/1F at 07:40 UTC.
New region 10398 emerged near the northeast limb.
New region 10399 emerged east of region 10397 and appears to be decaying.
Spotted regions not yet numbered by SEC:
[S196] A new region rotated partly into view at the northeast limb late in the day. Location at midnight: N05E82.
June 28-30: No LASCO images available. There is a serious problem with the SOHO high gain antenna. New LASCO images and nearly all other SOHO data is expected to be unavailable until about July 14.
Coronal hole history (since late October 2002)
Compare today's report with the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago
A huge, recurrent coronal hole (CH46) mainly in the southern hemisphere and with a large leading trans equatorial extension will rotate into a geoeffective position from late on June 24 until July 2. The trans equatorial extension has become much larger over the last solar rotation.
Processed GOES SXI coronal structure image at 21:16 UTC on June 30. The darkest areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.
The geomagnetic field is expected to be quiet to active on July 1-5 with a possibility of occasional minor storm intervals due to a high speed stream from coronal hole CH46.
Long distance medium wave (AM) band propagation along east-west paths over high and upper middle latitudes is very poor. Propagation along north-south paths is fair. [Trans Atlantic propagation conditions are currently monitored every night on 1470 kHz. Dominant station tonight: Radio Cristal del Uruguay, at least two stations from Brazil were noted as well.]
|Coronal holes (1)||Coronal mass ejections (2)||M and X class flares (3)|
1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth within the next 5 days.
2) Material from a CME is likely to impact Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.
Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.
Compare to the previous day's image.
Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by NOAA/SEC. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SEC or where SEC has observed no spots.
|Solar region||Date numbered||SEC
|Location at midnight||Area||Classification||Comment|
this region rotated out
of view on June 29,
the observed spots
belong to region 10391
which rotated out of
view on June 30
|10391||2003.06.23||N14W90||rotated out of view|
classification was HSX
at midnight, only
positive polarity spots
classification was AXX
at midnight, area 0010
classification was BXO
|Total spot count:||69||62|
flux at Earth
|International sunspot number||Smoothed sunspot number|
cycle 23 sunspot max.
|2002.12||157.2||80.8||(81.4 predicted, -3.8)|
|2003.01||144.0||79.5||(78.3 predicted, -3.1)|
|2003.02||124.5||46.2||(73.3 predicted, -5.0)|
|2003.03||131.4||61.5||(67.6 predicted, -5.7)|
|2003.04||126.4||60.0||(62.7 predicted, -4.9)|
|2003.05||115.7||55.2||(57.8 predicted, -4.9)|
|2003.06||129.3 (1)||118.4 (2)||(53.8 predicted, -4.0)|
1) Running average based on the daily 20:00 UTC observed solar flux value at 2800 MHz.
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (NOAA/SEC) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 30-50% less.
This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and interpretations, and partly on data from sources noted in solar links. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.