Solar Terrestrial Activity Report

Last major update issued on August 19, 2005 at 04:55 UTC.

[Solar and geomagnetic data - last month (updated daily)]
[Solar wind and electron fluence charts (updated daily)]
[Solar cycles 21-23 (last update August 2, 2005)]
[Solar cycles 1-20]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 21, 22 and 23 (last update August 2, 2005)]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 2, 10, 13, 17, 20 and 23 (last update August 2, 2005)]
[Historical solar and geomagnetic data charts 1954-2004 (last update February 1, 2005)]
[Archived reports (last update August 13, 2005)]

Recent activity

The geomagnetic field was quiet to active on August 18. Solar wind speed ranged between 579 and 760 (all day average 658) km/sec, generally decreasing after 08h UTC.

Solar flux measured at 20h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 82.7. The planetary A index was 16 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap indices: 16.3).
Three hour interval K indices: 33443233 (planetary), 43442223 (Boulder).

The background x-ray flux is at the class A9 level.

At midnight there were 5 spotted regions on the visible solar disk. The solar flare activity level was very low. No C class events were recorded during the day.

Region 10797 was quiet and stable
Region 10798 developed slowly.
New region 10799 emerged in the southwest quadrant with a single spot.

Spotted regions not numbered by NOAA/SEC:
[S583] This is a quickly developing reversed polarity (maybe cycle 24?) region just west southwest of region 10798. The first signs of the region were noted late on August 17. C flares are possible, maybe even a minor M class flare. The separation between this and region 10798 can easily be seen in GOES SXI images. Location at midnight: S11W08
[S584] A new region emerged in the northeast quadrant on August 18. Location at midnight: N17E56.

Coronal mass ejections (CMEs)

August 16-18: No obvious partly or fully Earth directed CMEs were observed.

Coronal holes

Coronal hole history (since late October 2002)
Compare today's report with the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago

A recurrent coronal hole (CH182) in the southern hemisphere was in an Earth facing position on August 17-18. While this coronal hole didn't produce any disturbance during the previous rotation, it has extended somewhat in a northerly direction. A recurrent coronal hole in the southern hemisphere will likely rotate to an Earth facing position on August 21-22.

Processed SOHO/EIT 284 image at 01:06 UTC on August 19. The darkest areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.


The geomagnetic field is expected to be quiet to unsettled on August 19. Some effects from CH182 are possible starting late on August 20 and on August 21, possibly resulting in unsettled to active conditions.

Coronal holes (1) Coronal mass ejections (2) M and X class flares (3)
Coronal hole indicator CME indicator M and X class flare indicator

1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth within the next 5 days. When the high speed stream has arrived the color changes to green.
2) Material from a CME is likely to impact Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.

Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.


Long distance low and medium frequency (below 2 MHz) propagation along east-west paths over high and upper middle latitudes is poor to fair. Propagation on long distance northeast-southwest paths is poor. Trans Atlantic propagation conditions are normally monitored every night on 1470 kHz. Dominant stations tonight: Radio Vibración (Venezuela). Before LSR a number of stations from the easternmost parts of the USA and Canada were heard throughout the MW band. Good signals were heard from the NY stations on 1050 and 1130 kHz and even WTIC on 1080 kHz had a fair signal. A couple of UNIDs were heard on 1230 kHz. South America was represented by some fair to strong signals from Venezuela and Colombia while fair to good signals could be heard from several Cuban and Puerto Rican stations.

Active solar regions (Recent map)

Compare to the previous day's image.

Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by NOAA/SEC. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SEC or where SEC has observed no spots. SEC active region numbers in the table below and in the active region map above are the historic SEC/USAF numbers.

Active region Date numbered SEC
Location at midnight Area Classification Comment
10797 2005.08.11 1 2 S14W38 0080 HSX classification was CSO at midnight
10798 2005.08.14 9 6 S10W05 0030 DSO classification was CAO at midnight
location: S08W04
10799 2005.08.18 2 1 S12W56 0020 CSO classification was AXX at midnight
S583 2005.08.18   25 S11W08 0120 DAI reversed polarity or cycle 24 region
S584 2005.08.18   6 N17E56 0030 CAO  
Total spot count: 12 40  
SSN: 42 90  

Monthly solar cycle data

Month Average solar
flux at Earth
International sunspot number Smoothed sunspot number
2000.04 184.2 125.5 120.8
cycle 23 sunspot max.
2000.07 202.3 170.1 119.8
2001.12 235.1 132.2 114.6 (-0.9)
2004.06 97.4 43.2 41.6 (-2.2)
2004.07 119.1 51.1 40.2 (-1.4)
2004.08 109.6 40.9 39.2 (-1.0)
2004.09 103.1 27.7 37.5 (-1.7)
2004.10 105.9 48.0 35.9 (-1.6)
2004.11 113.2 43.5 35.3 (-0.6)
2004.12 94.5 17.9 35.2 (-0.1)
2005.01 102.2 31.3 34.6 (-0.6)
2005.02 97.2 29.2 (33.5 predicted, -1.1)
2005.03 89.9 24.5 (32.1 predicted, -1.4)
2005.04 86.0 24.4 (30.2 predicted, -1.9)
2005.05 99.3 42.6 (27.6 predicted, -2.6)
2005.06 93.7 39.6 (26.1 predicted, -1.5)
2005.07 96.4 39.9 (25.1 predicted, -1.0)
2005.08 87.8 (1) 34.4 (2) (23.2 predicted, -1.9)

1) Running average based on the daily 20:00 UTC observed solar flux value at 2800 MHz.
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (NOAA/SEC) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 30-50% lower.

This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and analysis, and partly on data from some of these solar data sources. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.

[DX-Listeners' Club]