Last major update issued on August 25, 2007 at 06:25 UTC.
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The geomagnetic field was very quiet on August 24. Solar wind speed ranged between 271 and 299 km/s (average speed was 275 km/s, decreasing 65 km/s from the previous day).
Solar flux measured at 20h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 71.6. The planetary A index was 2 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap indices: 2.3). Three hour interval K indices: 01000011 (planetary), 01000011 (Boulder).
The background x-ray flux is below the class A1 level.
At midnight there was 1 spotted region on the visible solar disk. The solar flare activity level was low. A single C class event was recorded during the day.
Region 10969 was somewhat unstable and could produce another C flare. Flare: C2.0 at 07:54 UTC.
August 22-24: No obvious fully or partly Earth directed CMEs were observed in LASCO imagery.
history (since late October 2002)
Compare today's report to the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago
A recurrent trans equatorial coronal hole (CH287) was in an Earth facing position on August 21-24.
Processed STEREO 195 image at 19:05 UTC on August 24. The darkest areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.
Long distance low and medium frequency (below 2 MHz) propagation along east-west paths over high and upper middle latitudes is excellent. Propagation on long distance northeast-southwest paths is fair.
Monitoring remarks from a location near N58E06: August 24: Most TA frequencies had signals stronger than nearby European signals. Propagation to North America was the best ever I've recorded in August. One example is 1300 kHz which had WOOD dominating but with several others occasionally on top (WXRL, WJMO, at least one station from Venezuela and one from Colombia).
The geomagnetic field is expected to be quiet to active on August 25-28 due to effects from CH287.
|Coronal holes (1)||Coronal mass ejections (2)||M and X class flares (3)|
1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth
within the next 5 days. When the high speed stream has arrived the
color changes to green.
2) Effects from a CME are likely to be observed at Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.
Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.
Compare to the previous day's image.
Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by NOAA/SEC. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SEC or where SEC has observed no spots. SEC active region numbers in the table below and in the active region map above are the historic SEC/USAF numbers.
|Active region||Date numbered||SEC
|Location at midnight||Area||Classification||Comment|
|Total spot count:||2||2|
flux at Earth
|International sunspot number||Smoothed sunspot number|
cycle 23 sunspot max.
|2007.02||77.7||10.6||(11.6 predicted, -0.4)|
|2007.03||72.2||4.8||(11.1 predicted, -0.5)|
|2007.04||72.4||3.7||(10.8 predicted, -0.3)|
|2007.05||74.4||11.7||(10.4 predicted, -0.4)|
|2007.06||73.7||12.0||(10.3 predicted, -0.1)|
|2007.07||71.6||10.0||(10.5 predicted, +0.2)|
|2007.08||68.6 (1)||6.5 (2)||(11.0 predicted, +0.5)|
1) Running average based on the
daily 20:00 UTC observed solar flux
value at 2800 MHz.
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (NOAA/SEC) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 30-50% lower.
This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and analysis, and partly on data from some of these solar data sources. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.