Last major update issued on September 20, 2007 at 05:00 UTC.
geomagnetic data - last month (updated daily)]
[Solar wind and electron fluence charts (updated daily)
[Solar cycles 21-23 (last update July 23, 2007)]
[Solar cycles 1-20]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 21, 22 and 23 (last update July 23, 2007)]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 2, 10, 13, 17, 20 and 23 (last update July 23, 2007)]
[Historical solar and geomagnetic data charts 1954-2006 (last update April 5, 2007)]
[Archived reports (last update July 1, 2007)]
The geomagnetic field was quiet on September 19. Solar wind speed ranged between 285 and 336 km/s (average speed was 311 km/s, decreasing 9 km/s from the previous day).
Solar flux measured at 20h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 66.8. The planetary A index was 4 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap indices: 4.0). Three hour interval K indices: 02011111 (planetary), 02122111 (Boulder).
The background x-ray flux is below the class A1 level.
At midnight the visible solar disk was spotless. The solar flare activity level was very low. No C class events were recorded during the day.
September 17-19: No obvious fully or partly Earth directed CMEs were observed in LASCO imagery.
history (since late October 2002)
Compare today's report to the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago
A large, recurrent trans equatorial coronal hole (CH291) will rotate into an Earth facing position on September 16-21.
Processed STEREO 195 image at 21:45 UTC on September 19. The darkest areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.
Long distance low and medium frequency (below 2 MHz) propagation along east-west paths over high and upper middle latitudes is excellent. Propagation on long distance northeast-southwest paths is poor.
Monitoring remarks from a location near N58E06: September 19 and 20: Many stations from the central and western parts of Canada and USA were heard with fair to excellent signals both days. Yesterday the Vancouver stations on 1320 and 1410 kHz peaked at S9+25 dB (audio clip). Today 910 CKDQ and 920 CFRY were excellent, while the strongest signal was noted from the New York station on 880 kHz (at S9+35 dB).
The geomagnetic field is expected to be quiet to unsettled on September 20. A high speed stream from CH291 could arrive on September 20. The associated disturbance is expected to peak on September 21-22 at active to minor storm levels. Quiet to unsettled conditions are likely on 23-24.
|Coronal holes (1)||Coronal mass ejections (2)||M and X class flares (3)|
1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth
within the next 5 days. When the high speed stream has arrived the
color changes to green.
2) Effects from a CME are likely to be observed at Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.
Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.
Compare to the previous day's image.
Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by NOAA/SEC. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SEC or where SEC has observed no spots. SEC active region numbers in the table below and in the active region map above are the historic SEC/USAF numbers.
|Active region||Date numbered||SEC
|Location at midnight||Area||Classification||Comment|
|Total spot count:||0||0|
flux at Earth
|International sunspot number||Smoothed sunspot number|
cycle 23 sunspot max.
|2007.03||72.2||4.8||(11.1 predicted, -0.5)|
|2007.04||72.4||3.7||(10.7 predicted, -0.4)|
|2007.05||74.4||11.7||(10.2 predicted, -0.5)|
|2007.06||73.7||12.0||(10.0 predicted, -0.2)|
|2007.07||71.6||10.0||(10.0 predicted, +0.0)|
|2007.08||69.1||6.2||(10.3 predicted, +0.3)|
|2007.09||67.3 (1)||3.2 (2)||(11.5 predicted, +1.2)|
1) Running average based on the
daily 20:00 UTC observed solar flux
value at 2800 MHz.
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (NOAA/SEC) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 30-50% lower.
This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and analysis, and partly on data from some of these solar data sources. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.