Last update issued on February 16, 2003 at 04:00 UTC.
[Solar and geomagnetic data
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[Solar wind and electron fluence charts (updated daily)]
[Solar cycles 21-23 (last update February 2, 2003)]
[Solar cycles 1-20]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 21, 22 and 23 (last update February 2, 2003)]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 10, 13, 17, 20 and 23 (last update February 2, 2003)]
[Historical solar and geomagnetic data charts 1954-2002 (last update January 27, 2003)]
[Archived reports (last update February 10, 2003)]
The geomagnetic field was quiet to active on February 15. Solar wind speed ranged between 471 and 656 km/sec under the influence of a coronal stream.
Solar flux measured at 20h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 123.6. The planetary A
index was 18 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap indices: 19.0).
Three hour interval K indices: 33344432 (planetary), 43343432 (Boulder).
The background x-ray flux is at the class B4 level.
At midnight there were 4 spotted regions on the visible disk, 2 of which have not yet numbered by SEC/NOAA. Solar flare activity was low. A total of 4 C class events was recorded during the day, including a long duration C4.5 event peaking at 08:10 UTC and with its source behind the southwest limb.
Region 10282 decayed slightly, further C class flares are possible. Flares: C1.2 at
06:10 and C1.4 at 14:05 UTC.
New region 10288 rotated into view at the northeast limb.
Spotted regions not yet numbered by SEC/NOAA:
[S101] A new region emerged just north of region 10285. This is a small bipolar region and currently does not appear to have much potential for further development. Location at midnight: S03W13
[S102] A new region emerged in the southeast quadrant. Location at midnight: S08E40.
February 13-15: No obviously geoeffective CMEs observed.
Coronal hole history (since late October 2002)
Compare today's report with the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago
A trans equatorial coronal hole and a southern polar coronal hole extension was in a geoeffective position on February 12-18.
Processed SOHO EIT 284 image at 01:06 UTC on February 16. Any black areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.
The geomagnetic field is expected to be unsettled to active with occasional minor storm intervals until February 21. Long distance medium wave (AM) band propagation along east-west paths over high and upper middle latitudes is very poor, propagation along north-south paths is fair to good.
|Coronal holes (1)||Coronal mass ejections (2)||M and X class flares (3)|
1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth within the
next 5 days.
2) Material from a CME is likely to impact Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.
Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.
Compare to the previous day's image.
Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by SEC/NOAA. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SEC or where SEC has observed no spots.
|Solar region||Date numbered||SEC
|Location at midnight||Area||Classification||Comment|
classification was HAX
|Total spot count:||24||7|
flux at Earth
|International sunspot number||Smoothed sunspot number|
cycle 23 sunspot max.
|2002.08||183.6||116.4||(99.7 predicted, -3.0)|
|2002.09||175.8||109.6||(96.7 predicted, -3.0)|
|2002.10||167.0||97.5||(93.2 predicted, -3.5)|
|2002.11||168.7||95.0||(88.0 predicted, -5.2)|
|2002.12||157.2||81.6||(83.6 predicted, -4.4)|
|2003.01||144.0||79.5||(80.6 predicted, -3.0)|
|2003.02||136.1 (1)||62.8 (2)||(75.5 predicted, -5.1)|
1) Running average based on the daily 20:00 UT observed solar flux value at 2800
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (SEC/NOAA) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 25-45% less.
This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and interpretations, and partly on data from sources noted in solar links. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.