Solar Terrestrial Activity Report

Last update issued on June 15, 2003 at 03:50 UTC.

[Solar and geomagnetic data - last month (updated daily)]
[Solar wind and electron fluence charts (updated daily)]
[Solar cycles 21-23 (last update June 3, 2003)]
[Solar cycles 1-20]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 21, 22 and 23 (last update June 3, 2003)]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 2, 10, 13, 17, 20 and 23 (last update June 3, 2003)]
[Historical solar and geomagnetic data charts 1954-2003 (last update April 13, 2003)]
[Archived reports (last update June 10, 2003)]

Recent activity

The geomagnetic field was unsettled to minor storm on June 14. Solar wind speed ranged between 447 and 621 km/sec, at first under the influence of a high speed stream from coronal hole CH43. At 13:20 UTC there was a sudden increase in solar wind speed at ACE. Taking into account the development of ACE EPAM data it seems likely that this was the arrival of a CME embedded within the coronal hole flow. The interplanetary magnetic field was mostly northwards for the remainder of the day.

Solar flux measured at 20h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 133.5. The planetary A index was 32 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap indices: 34.0).
Three hour interval K indices: 34554554 (planetary), 24352343 (Boulder). [SEC have since June 11 been reporting faulty values for the Boulder K indices. They are using the data from the high latitude magnetometer at College, Alaska instead of the ones recorded at Boulder by USAF. The USAF K indices are used in this report.]

The background x-ray flux is at the class B9 level.

At midnight there were 6 spotted regions on the visible disk. Solar flare activity was moderate. A total of 8 C and 1 M  class events was recorded during the day. The M1.5 long duration event peaking at 06:09 UTC had its origin just behind the southeast limb and was associated with a CME. A C3.0 flare at 23:40 UTC had its origin behind the northwest limb.

Region 10377 decayed slowly and quietly as the region rotated to the northwest limb.
Region 10380 decayed fairly quickly and simplified. Flares: C3.1 at 00:18, C7.9 at 02:53, C1.9 at 15:33 and C2.0 at 17:56 UTC.
Region 10381 decayed slowly and quietly.
Region 10382 decayed slowly and had only a single spot left at midnight as the region rotated to the southwest limb.
Region 10384 decayed significantly and could become spotless before rotating over the northwest limb.

Spotted regions not numbered by NOAA/SEC:
[S183] A new region emerged early on June 14 in the northeast quadrant. Location at midnight: N29E46.

Coronal mass ejections (CMEs)

June 12: No observations.

June 13: No obviously geoeffective CMEs observed. A filament across the central meridian in the northern hemisphere began to erupt late in the day and may have been associated with a small CME.

June 14: The erupting filament noted late on June 13 may have triggered activity in and near region 10380. SOHO EIT images display an apparent sequence of activity beginning with the filament eruption in the north, then an eruption in region 10380 and finally a filament eruption to the east southeast of region 10380. A faint full halo CME was observed in LASCO C3 images early in the day and may have been related to this activity. The distribution of the ejected material correlates fairly well with the location of the activity, however, we cannot disregard the possibility that the CME could be related to backside activity.

Coronal holes

Coronal hole history (since late October 2002)
Compare today's report with the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago

A coronal hole (CH43) mainly in the northern hemisphere and with a trans equatorial extension, was in a geoeffective position on June 11. A recurrent trans equatorial coronal hole (CH44) will rotate into a geoeffective position on June 16-17.

Processed SOHO EIT 284 image at 01:06 UTC on June 15. Any black areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.


The geomagnetic field is expected to be quiet to active on June 15 due to a high speed stream from coronal hole CH43. Quiet to unsettled is likely early on June 16. If the CME noted early on June 14 had a frontside source, it will likely arrive on June 16 and could cause active to minor storm conditions. A high speed stream from coronal hole CH44 should dominate the solar wind on June 19-21 and cause unsettled to minor storm conditions.

Long distance medium wave (AM) band propagation along east-west paths over high and upper middle latitudes is very poor and will likely be very poor until at least June 22. Propagation along north-south paths is fair. [Trans Atlantic propagation conditions are currently monitored every night on 1470 kHz. Dominant station tonight: Radio Cristal del Uruguay.]

Coronal holes (1) Coronal mass ejections (2) M and X class flares (3)
Coronal hole indicator CME indicator M and X class flare indicator

1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth within the next 5 days.
2) Material from a CME is likely to impact Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.

Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.

Active solar regions (Recent map)

Compare to the previous day's image.

Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by NOAA/SEC. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SEC or where SEC has observed no spots.

Solar region Date numbered SEC
Location at midnight Area Classification Comment
10377 2003.06.04 2 5 N03W72 0150 CSO classification was DAO
at midnight
10378 2003.06.05     N15W52     plage
10380 2003.06.07 27 18 S16W25 0250 EKI classification was EKO
at midnight
10381 2003.06.09 6 7 S18W48 0030 CSO  
10382 2003.06.10 2 1 S17W76 0010 BXO classification was HRX
at midnight
10383 2003.06.11     N19W17     plage
10384 2003.06.12 4 1 N15W70 0020 BXO classification was HSX
at midnight
S180 emerged on
    S07W77     plage
S181 emerged on
    N15W67     plage
S183 emerged on
  5 N29E46 0030 CSO  
Total spot count: 41 37
SSN: 91 97

Monthly solar cycle data

Month Average solar
flux at Earth
International sunspot number Smoothed sunspot number
2000.04 184.2 125.5 120.8
cycle 23 sunspot max.
2000.07 202.3 170.1 119.8
2001.12 235.1 132.2 114.6 (-0.9)
2002.05 178.4 120.8 108.8 (-1.7)
2002.06 148.7 88.3 106.2 (-2.6)
2002.07 173.5 99.6 102.7 (-3.5)
2002.08 183.6 116.4 98.7 (-4.0)
2002.09 175.8 109.6 94.6 (-4.1)
2002.10 167.0 97.5 90.5 (-4.1)
2002.11 168.7 95.5 85.2 (-5.3)
2002.12 157.2 80.8 (81.4 predicted, -3.8)
2003.01 144.0 79.5 (78.3 predicted, -3.1)
2003.02 124.5 46.2 (73.3 predicted, -5.0)
2003.03 131.4 61.5 (67.6 predicted, -5.7)
2003.04 126.4 60.0 (62.7 predicted, -4.9)
2003.05 115.7 55.2 (57.8 predicted, -4.9)
2003.06 139.7 (1) 56.9 (2) (53.8 predicted, -4.0)

1) Running average based on the daily 20:00 UTC observed solar flux value at 2800 MHz.
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (NOAA/SEC) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 30-50% less.

This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and interpretations, and partly on data from sources noted in solar links. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.

[DX-Listeners' Club]