Last update issued on March 2, 2003 at 03:00 UTC.
[Solar and geomagnetic data
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[Solar wind and electron fluence charts (updated daily)]
[Solar cycles 21-23 (last update February 2, 2003)]
[Solar cycles 1-20]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 21, 22 and 23 (last update February 2, 2003)]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 10, 13, 17, 20 and 23 (last update February 2, 2003)]
[Historical solar and geomagnetic data charts 1954-2002 (last update January 27, 2003)]
[Archived reports (last update February 24, 2003)]
The geomagnetic field was quiet to active on March 1. Solar wind speed ranged between 377 and 449 km/sec.
Solar flux measured at 20h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 138.1. The planetary A
index was 14 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap indices: 13.9).
Three hour interval K indices: 41133333 (planetary), 41133333 (Boulder).
The background x-ray flux is at the class B5 level.
At midnight there were 6 spotted regions on the visible disk, 2 of which have not yet been numbered by SEC/NOAA. Solar flare activity was low. A total of 8 C class events was recorded during the day. A region behind the northwest limb produced a C2.4 flare at 08:42 and a C3.0 flare at 14:32 UTC.
Region 10294 decayed slowly and quietly.
Region 10295 was quiet and stable.
Region 10296 rotated fully into view revealing more trailing spots. M class flares are possible. Flares: C1.2 at 13:32, C1.9 at 15:42, C2.1 at 17:19, C3.5 at 19:09 and C1.3 at 21:45 UTC.
New region 10297 rotated into view early in the day at the southeast limb. Flare: C5.1 long duration event peaking at 01:36 UTC.
Spotted regions not yet numbered by SEC/NOAA:
[S113] A new region emerged in the southwest quadrant on March 1. Location at midnight: S10W65 (southeast of spotless region 10292).
[S114] A new region emerged in the southwest quadrant early on March 1. The region is currently decaying. Location at midnight: S14W13.
February 27-March 1: No obviously geoeffective CMEs observed.
Coronal hole history (since late October 2002)
Compare today's report with the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago
A coronal hole (CH23) in the northern hemisphere with a trans equatorial extension was in a geoeffective position on March 1. A collection of smaller coronal holes (CH24) in the southern hemisphere will be in a geoeffective position on March 2.
Processed SOHO EIT 284 image at 01:06 UTC on March 2. Any black areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.
The geomagnetic field is expected to be quiet to active on March 2 due to a high speed stream from a coronal hole (CH22). Another high speed stream (originating in CH23) could begin late on March 3 or early on March 4 and cause another episode of unsettled to active conditions until March 5 when this stream will be overlapped be a high speed stream from CH24. Quiet to unsettled conditions are likely from March 8. Long distance medium wave (AM) band propagation along east-west paths over high and upper middle latitudes is very poor, propagation along north-south paths is fair. [Propagation conditions are currently monitored every night. Main monitoring frequency: 1470 kHz. Dominant stations tonight: Radio Cristal del Uruguay, Radio Rafaela, then Radio Vibración after 02:30 UTC.]
|Coronal holes (1)||Coronal mass ejections (2)||M and X class flares (3)|
1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth within the
next 5 days.
2) Material from a CME is likely to impact Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.
Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.
Compare to the previous day's image.
Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by SEC/NOAA. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SEC or where SEC has observed no spots.
|Solar region||Date numbered||SEC
|Location at midnight||Area||Classification||Comment|
classification was DSO
classification was EKO
or FKO at midnight
classification was DSO
|Total spot count:||23||37|
flux at Earth
|International sunspot number||Smoothed sunspot number|
cycle 23 sunspot max.
|2002.08||183.6||116.4||(99.7 predicted, -3.0)|
|2002.09||175.8||109.6||(96.7 predicted, -3.0)|
|2002.10||167.0||97.5||(93.2 predicted, -3.5)|
|2002.11||168.7||95.0||(88.0 predicted, -5.2)|
|2002.12||157.2||81.6||(83.6 predicted, -4.4)|
|2003.01||144.0||79.5||(80.6 predicted, -3.0)|
|2003.02||124.5||88.1 (2)||(75.5 predicted, -5.1)|
|2003.03||138.1 (1)||2.4 (2)||(69.9 predicted, -5.6)|
1) Running average based on the daily 20:00 UT observed solar flux value at 2800
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (SEC/NOAA) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 25-45% less.
This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and interpretations, and partly on data from sources noted in solar links. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.