Last major update issued on February 7, 2005 at 05:25 UTC.
geomagnetic data - last month (updated daily)]
[Solar wind and electron fluence charts (updated daily)]
[Solar cycles 21-23 (last update January 2, 2005)]
[Solar cycles 1-20]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 21, 22 and 23 (last update January 2, 2005)]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 2, 10, 13, 17, 20 and 23 (last update January 2, 2005)]
[Historical solar and geomagnetic data charts 1954-2004 (last update February 1, 2005)]
[Archived reports (last update February 1, 2005)]
The geomagnetic field was quiet to active on February 6. Solar wind speed ranged between 331 and 446 km/sec. A low speed stream from CH143 arrived early in the day with the interplanetary magnetic field swinging moderately southwards after 05h UTC. At 01h UTC on February 7 a high speed stream from CH144 was observed at ACE.
Solar flux measured at 20h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 97.0. The planetary
index was 9 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap
Three hour interval K indices: 22411123 (planetary), 23411223 (Boulder).
The background x-ray flux is at the class B2 level.
At midnight there were 4 spotted regions on the visible solar disk. The solar flare activity level was low. A single C class event was recorded during the day.Region 10729 decayed and could become spotless before rotating out of view at the southwest limb.
February 4-6: No obvious fully or partly Earth directed CMEs were observed.
history (since late October 2002)
Compare today's report with the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago
A large recurrent coronal hole (CH144) in the northern hemisphere was in a geoeffective position on February 4-6.
Processed SOHO/EIT 284 image at 01:06 UTC on February 7. The darkest areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.
The geomagnetic field is expected to be unsettled to minor storm on February 7-8 and quiet to active on February 9 due to a high speed stream from CH144.
|Coronal holes (1)||Coronal mass ejections (2)||M and X class flares (3)|
1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth
within the next 5 days. When the high speed stream has arrived
the color changes to green.
2) Material from a CME is likely to impact Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.
Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.
Long distance low and medium frequency (below 2 MHz) propagation along east-west paths over high and upper middle latitudes is poor. Propagation along long distance north-south paths is poor. Trans Atlantic propagation conditions are normally monitored every night on 1470 kHz. Dominant stations tonight: WLAM Lewiston ME and Radio Vibración (Venezuela), both with fair signals. Otherwise there were only a few stations from North America with WWZN on 1510 kHz having the best signal.
Compare to the previous day's image.
Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by NOAA/SEC. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SEC or where SEC has observed no spots. SEC active region numbers in the table below and in the active region map above are the historic SEC/USAF numbers.
|Active region||Date numbered||SEC
|Location at midnight||Area||Classification||Comment|
|10729||2005.01.31||1||1||S11W66||0020||HSX||classification was HRX at midnight, area 0010|
|10730||2005.02.04||1||1||S20E46||0050||HAX||classification was HSX at midnight|
formerly region S506
classification was HSX at midnight,
formerly region S507
|Total spot count:||7||11|
flux at Earth
|International sunspot number||Smoothed sunspot number|
cycle 23 sunspot max.
|2004.08||109.6||40.9||(38.9 predicted, -1.4)|
|2004.09||103.1||27.7||(36.6 predicted, -2.3)|
|2004.10||105.9||48.4||(34.4 predicted, -2.2)|
|2004.11||113.2||43.7||(32.5 predicted, -1.9)|
|2004.12||94.5||17.9||(30.2 predicted, -2.3)|
|2005.01||102.2||31.3||(27.6 predicted, -2.6)|
|2005.02||87.0 (1)||6.0 (2)||(25.2 predicted, -2.4)|
1) Running average based on the daily 20:00 UTC observed solar flux
value at 2800 MHz.
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (NOAA/SEC) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 30-50% less.
This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and analysis, and partly on data from some of these solar data sources. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.