Last major update issued on February 9, 2005 at 03:50 UTC.
geomagnetic data - last month (updated daily)]
[Solar wind and electron fluence charts (updated daily)]
[Solar cycles 21-23 (last update January 2, 2005)]
[Solar cycles 1-20]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 21, 22 and 23 (last update January 2, 2005)]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 2, 10, 13, 17, 20 and 23 (last update January 2, 2005)]
[Historical solar and geomagnetic data charts 1954-2004 (last update February 1, 2005)]
[Archived reports (last update February 1, 2005)]
The geomagnetic field was unsettled to major storm on February 8. Solar wind speed ranged between 587 and 877 km/sec under the influence of a high speed stream from CH144.
Solar flux measured at 20h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 108.2. The planetary
index was 34 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap
Three hour interval K indices: 46434444 (planetary), 56434444 (Boulder).
The background x-ray flux is at the class B2 level.
At midnight there were 4 spotted regions on the visible solar disk. The solar flare activity level was low. A total of 2 C class events was recorded during the day.Region 10730 developed several trailing spots and was quiet.
Spotted regions not numbered by NOAA/SEC:
[S508] This region rotated partly into view at the southeast limb late on February 8. Location at midnight: S04E80.
February 6-8: No obvious fully or partly Earth directed CMEs were observed.
Compare today's report with the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago
A large recurrent coronal hole (CH144) in the northern hemisphere was in a geoeffective position on February 4-6.
Processed SOHO/EIT 284 image at 01:06 UTC on February 9. The darkest areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.
The geomagnetic field is expected to be quiet to active on February 9 due to a high speed stream from CH144, an isolated minor storm interval is possible. Quiet to unsettled is likely on February 10-11.
|Coronal holes (1)||Coronal mass ejections (2)||M and X class flares (3)|
1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth
within the next 5 days. When the high speed stream has arrived
the color changes to green.
2) Material from a CME is likely to impact Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.
Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.
Long distance low and medium frequency (below 2 MHz) propagation along east-west paths over high and upper middle latitudes is very poor. Propagation along long distance north-south paths is poor to fair. Trans Atlantic propagation conditions are normally monitored every night on 1470 kHz. Dominant stations tonight: Radio Vibración and Radio Cristal del Uruguay. Several stations from the US were heard. WWZN Boston on 1510 kHz had a fair to good signal while 1650, 1660, 1680, 1690 and 1700 kHz had poor to fair signals.
Compare to the previous day's image.
Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by NOAA/SEC. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SEC or where SEC has observed no spots. SEC active region numbers in the table below and in the active region map above are the historic SEC/USAF numbers.
|Active region||Date numbered||SEC
|Location at midnight||Area||Classification||Comment|
classification was DSO at midnight
|Total spot count:||23||22|
flux at Earth
|International sunspot number||Smoothed sunspot number|
cycle 23 sunspot max.
|2004.08||109.6||40.9||(38.9 predicted, -1.4)|
|2004.09||103.1||27.7||(36.6 predicted, -2.3)|
|2004.10||105.9||48.4||(34.4 predicted, -2.2)|
|2004.11||113.2||43.7||(32.5 predicted, -1.9)|
|2004.12||94.5||17.9||(30.2 predicted, -2.3)|
|2005.01||102.2||31.3||(27.6 predicted, -2.6)|
|2005.02||91.7 (1)||10.1 (2)||(25.2 predicted, -2.4)|
1) Running average based on the daily 20:00 UTC observed solar flux
value at 2800 MHz.
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (NOAA/SEC) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 30-50% less.
This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and analysis, and partly on data from some of these solar data sources. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.