Last major update issued on July 5, 2005 at 04:40 UTC.
geomagnetic data - last month (updated daily)]
[Solar wind and electron fluence charts (updated daily)]
[Solar cycles 21-23 (last update July 2, 2005)]
[Solar cycles 1-20]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 21, 22 and 23 (last update July 2, 2005)]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 2, 10, 13, 17, 20 and 23 (last update July 2, 2005)]
[Historical solar and geomagnetic data charts 1954-2004 (last update February 1, 2005)]
[Archived reports (last update July 2, 2005)]
The geomagnetic field was quiet to unsettled on July 4. Solar wind speed ranged between 429 and 501 (all day average 460) km/sec.
Solar flux measured at 20h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 123.7. The planetary
index was 7 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap
Three hour interval K indices: 13212222 (planetary), 22211122 (Boulder).
The background x-ray flux is at the class B3 level.
At midnight there were 10 spotted regions on the visible solar disk. The solar flare activity level was low. A total of 2 C class events was recorded during the day.
Region 10781 developed slowly and quietly.
Region 10782 decayed slowly with most of the trailing spots disappearing. Flare: C1.0 at 20:37 UTC.
Region 10783 decayed with a significant loss of penumbral area. A few small spots emerged. There is a minor chance of an M class flare.
Region 10784 decayed slowly and quietly.
Region 10785 decayed moderately quickly and could soon become spotless.
Region 10786 developed slowly and is still fairly complex with two weak magnetic delta structures. An M class flare is possible.
Region 10787 decayed slowly. Flares: C1.1 at 22:22 UTC.
Region 10788 was quiet and stable.
New region 10789 rotated into view at the northeast limb on July 4. At least C flares are possible.
Spotted regions not numbered by NOAA/SEC:
[S567] This region emerged emerged to the east of region 10788 on July 3. Location at midnight: S07E50.
July 2-4: No obvious fully or partly Earth directed CMEs were observed in available LASCO images.
history (since late October 2002)
Compare today's report with the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago
An extension of a coronal hole (CH174) in the southern hemisphere could rotate into an Earth facing position on July 5-6.
Processed SOHO/EIT 284 image at 01:06 UTC on July 5. The darkest areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.
The geomagnetic field is expected to be quiet on July 5-7 becoming quiet to unsettled on July 8-9 due to a weak stream from CH174.
|Coronal holes (1)||Coronal mass ejections (2)||M and X class flares (3)|
1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth
within the next 5 days. When the high speed stream has arrived
the color changes to green.
2) Material from a CME is likely to impact Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.
Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.
Long distance low and medium frequency (below 2 MHz) propagation along east-west paths over high and upper middle latitudes is poor. Propagation along long distance north-south paths is fair. Trans Atlantic propagation conditions are normally monitored every night on 1470 kHz. Dominant stations tonight: Radio Cristal del Uruguay and Radio Vibración (Venezuela). Quite a few signals from Argentina were noted throughout the MW band. The only North American station audible was WWZN on 1510 kHz.
Compare to the previous day's image.
Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by NOAA/SEC. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SEC or where SEC has observed no spots. SEC active region numbers in the table below and in the active region map above are the historic SEC/USAF numbers.
|Active region||Date numbered||SEC
|Location at midnight||Area||Classification||Comment|
|10781||2005.06.27||4||7||N13W15||0020||CSO||classification was DSO at midnight, area 0040, location: N14W13|
|10784||2005.06.29||1||2||N14E00||0010||HAX||classification was CAO at midnight, area 0020, location: N15W01|
|10787||2005.07.01||2||2||S11W58||0030||HSX||classification was HRX at midnight, area 0010|
|10788||2005.07.02||4||1||S06E47||0100||CSO||classification was HSX at midnight, location: S05E42|
|10789||2005.07.03||1||4||N18E74||0030||HSX||classification was DAO at midnight, area 0140, location: N16E78|
|Total spot count:||102||90|
flux at Earth
|International sunspot number||Smoothed sunspot number|
cycle 23 sunspot max.
|2005.01||102.2||31.3||(34.6 predicted, -0.6)|
|2005.02||97.2||29.1||(33.3 predicted, -1.3)|
|2005.03||89.9||24.8||(31.6 predicted, -1.7)|
|2005.04||86.0||24.4||(29.7 predicted, -1.9)|
|2005.05||99.3||42.6||(27.2 predicted, -2.5)|
|2005.06||93.7||39.3||(25.7 predicted, -1.5)|
|2005.07||123.0 (1)||21.3 (2)||(24.7 predicted, -1.0)|
1) Running average based on the daily 20:00 UTC observed solar flux
value at 2800 MHz.
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (NOAA/SEC) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 30-50% lower.
This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and analysis, and partly on data from some of these solar data sources. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.