Last major update issued on March 12, 2005 at 04:40 UTC.
geomagnetic data - last month (updated daily)]
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[Solar cycles 21-23 (last update March 3, 2005)]
[Solar cycles 1-20]
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[Graphical comparison of cycles 2, 10, 13, 17, 20 and 23 (last update March 3, 2005)]
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The geomagnetic field was quiet on March 11. Solar wind speed ranged between 448 and 573 km/sec, gradually decreasing all day.
Solar flux measured at 20h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 104.9. The planetary
index was 6 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap
Three hour interval K indices: 22212111 (planetary), 22313220 (Boulder).
The background x-ray flux is at the class B2 level.
At midnight there were 3 spotted regions on the visible solar disk. The solar flare activity level was low. A total of 1 C class event was recorded during the day.
Region 10741 decayed slowly. Flare: C1.2 at 00:51 UTC.
Region 10742 became significantly more complex as positive polarity flux emerged in the central negative polarity area. Many new spots have developed and the region could produce a minor M class flare.
Region 10743 was quiet and stable.
March 9-11: No obvious fully or partly Earth directed CMEs were observed.
history (since late October 2002)
Compare today's report with the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago
A recurrent trans equatorial coronal hole (CH151) was in a geoeffective position on March 10. This coronal hole has developed somewhat over the last rotation. A recurrent coronal hole (CH152) in the northern hemisphere will likely rotate to a geoeffective position on March 14. This coronal hole appears to have decayed somewhat over the last rotation.
Processed SOHO/EIT 284 image at 13:06 UTC on March 11. The darkest areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.
The geomagnetic field is expected to be quiet on March 12 becoming quiet to active on March 13-14 due to effects from CH151.
|Coronal holes (1)||Coronal mass ejections (2)||M and X class flares (3)|
1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth
within the next 5 days. When the high speed stream has arrived
the color changes to green.
2) Material from a CME is likely to impact Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.
Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.
Long distance low and medium frequency (below 2 MHz) propagation along east-west paths over high and upper middle latitudes is poor to very poor. Propagation along long distance north-south paths is poor. Trans Atlantic propagation conditions are normally monitored every night on 1470 kHz. Dominant station tonight: Radio Vibración with a weak to fair signal. Propagation was best towards Venezuela and Cuba (Radio Progreso on 890 kHz had a fairly strong signal). Only a few stations from North America were heard: VOCM 590 only weakly while VOWR 800 and CJYQ 930 had fair signals.
Compare to the previous day's image.
Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by NOAA/SEC. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SEC or where SEC has observed no spots. SEC active region numbers in the table below and in the active region map above are the historic SEC/USAF numbers.
|Active region||Date numbered||SEC
|Location at midnight||Area||Classification||Comment|
|10741||2005.03.04||8||6||N12W26||0110||CAI||classification was CAO at midnight, area 0060|
|10742||2005.03.07||20||35||S05E31||0190||EAI||classification was EAC at midnight, area 0270|
|Total spot count:||29||43|
flux at Earth
|International sunspot number||Smoothed sunspot number|
cycle 23 sunspot max.
|2004.09||103.1||27.7||(37.4 predicted, -1.8)|
|2004.10||105.9||48.4||(35.2 predicted, -2.2)|
|2004.11||113.2||43.7||(33.3 predicted, -1.9)|
|2004.12||94.5||17.9||(31.0 predicted, -2.3)|
|2005.01||102.2||31.3||(28.3 predicted, -2.7)|
|2005.02||97.2||29.1||(25.9 predicted, -2.4)|
|2005.03||86.9 (1)||13.0 (2)||(24.1 predicted, -1.8)|
1) Running average based on the daily 20:00 UTC observed solar flux
value at 2800 MHz.
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (NOAA/SEC) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 30-50% less.
This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and analysis, and partly on data from some of these solar data sources. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.