Last major update issued on December 2, 2007 at 07:05 UTC.
geomagnetic data - last month (updated daily)]
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[Graphical comparison of cycles 2, 10, 13, 17, 20 and 23 (last update October 4, 2007)]
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The geomagnetic field was quiet on December 1. Solar wind speed ranged between 330 and 349 km/s (average speed was 346 km/s, increasing 2 km/s over the previous day).
Solar flux measured at 20h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 71.9. The planetary A index was 2 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap indices: 2.4). Three hour interval K indices: 20110000 (planetary), 20111101 (Boulder).
The background x-ray flux is below the class A1 level.
At midnight there was 1 spotted region on the visible solar disk. The solar flare activity level was very low. No C class events were recorded during the day.
Spotted regions not numbered by NOAA/SWPC:
[S711] This region emerged in the southeast quadrant on December 1.
November 29 - December 1: No obvious fully or partly Earth directed CMEs were observed in LASCO imagery.
history (since late October 2002)
Compare today's report to the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago
A small coronal hole in the southern hemisphere will be in an Earth facing position on November 30 - December 1.
Processed SOHO/EIT 195 image at 00:24 UTC on December 1. The darkest areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.
Long distance low and medium frequency (below 2 MHz) propagation along paths north of due west over high and upper middle latitudes is fair to good. Propagation on long distance northeast-southwest paths is poor.
Monitoring remarks from a location near N58E06: November 12: During the evening fairly strong signals from east coast USA stations. 1470 WJDY, 1500 WFIF and 1520 WIZZ were all good on their daytime power. The best Trans Atlantic propagation sector was 270-310 degrees.
The geomagnetic field is expected to be quiet on December 2-7 with a chance of a few unsettled intervals on December 4 due to effects from CH302.
|Coronal holes (1)||Coronal mass ejections (2)||M and X class flares (3)|
1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth
within the next 5 days. When the high speed stream has arrived the
color changes to green.
2) Effects from a CME are likely to be observed at Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.
Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.
Compare to the previous day's image.
Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by NOAA/SEC. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SEC or where SEC has observed no spots. SEC active region numbers in the table below and in the active region map above are the historic SEC/USAF numbers.
|Active region||Date numbered||SEC
|Location at midnight||Area||Classification||Comment|
|10976||2007.12.01||3||S08E27||0030||BXO||formerly region S710
|Total spot count:||3||3|
flux at Earth
|International sunspot number||Smoothed sunspot number|
cycle 23 sunspot max.
|2007.06||73.7||12.0||(7.5 predicted, -1.2)|
|2007.07||71.6||10.0||(6.7 predicted, -0.8)|
|2007.08||69.1||6.2||(6.1 predicted, -0.6)|
|2007.09||67.1||2.4||(6.2 predicted, +0.1)|
|2007.10||67.4||0.9||(6.7 predicted, +0.5)|
|2007.11||69.6||1.7||(7.3 predicted, +0.6)|
|2007.12||71.9 (1)||0.4 (2)||(7.3 predicted, +0.6)|
1) Running average based on the
daily 20:00 UTC observed solar flux
value at 2800 MHz.
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (NOAA/SEC) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 30-50% lower.
This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and analysis, and partly on data from some of these solar data sources. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.