Last major update issued on June 25, 2007 at 04:10 UTC.
geomagnetic data - last month (updated daily)]
[Solar wind and electron fluence charts (updated daily)
[Solar cycles 21-23 (last update June 3, 2007)]
[Solar cycles 1-20]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 21, 22 and 23 (last update June 3, 2007)]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 2, 10, 13, 17, 20 and 23 (last update June 3, 2007)]
[Historical solar and geomagnetic data charts 1954-2006 (last update April 5, 2007)]
[Archived reports (last update May 18, 2007)]
The geomagnetic field was quiet to unsettled on June 24. Solar wind speed ranged between 436 and 563 km/s (average speed was 491 km/s, decreasing 65 km/s from the previous day).
Solar flux measured at 20h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 66.9. The planetary A index was 6 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap indices: 6.3). Three hour interval K indices: 32112122 (planetary), 22222222 (Boulder).
The background x-ray flux is below the class A1 level.
At midnight the visible solar disk was spotless. The solar flare activity level was very low. No C class events were recorded during the day.
June 22-24: No obvious fully or partially Earth directed CMEs were observed in LASCO imagery.
history (since late October 2002)
Compare today's report to the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago
A small trans equatorial coronal hole (CH274) was in an Earth facing position on June 22-23. A recurrent coronal hole (CH275) in the southern hemisphere could be in a potentially geoeffective position on June 25-26.
Processed SOHO/EIT 195 image at 00:00 UTC on June 25. The darkest areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.
The geomagnetic field is expected to be quiet on June 25. A few unsettled and active intervals are possible on June 26 due to effects from CH274. Quiet to unsettled is likely on June 27 becoming quiet to active on June 28-29 due to effects from CH275.
|Coronal holes (1)||Coronal mass ejections (2)||M and X class flares (3)|
1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth
within the next 5 days. When the high speed stream has arrived the
color changes to green.
2) Effects from a CME are likely to be observed at Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.
Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.
Compare to the previous day's image.
Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by NOAA/SEC. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SEC or where SEC has observed no spots. SEC active region numbers in the table below and in the active region map above are the historic SEC/USAF numbers.
|Active region||Date numbered||SEC
|Location at midnight||Area||Classification||Comment|
|Total spot count:||4||3|
flux at Earth
|International sunspot number||Smoothed sunspot number|
cycle 23 sunspot max.
|2006.12||84.5||13.6||(12.1 predicted, -0.6)|
|2007.01||83.3||16.9||(11.7 predicted, -0.4)|
|2007.02||77.7||10.6||(11.1 predicted, -0.6)|
|2007.03||72.2||4.8||(10.7 predicted, -0.4)|
|2007.04||72.4||3.7||(10.9 predicted, +0.2)|
|2007.05||74.4||11.7||(11.0 predicted, +0.1)|
|2007.06||82.5 (1)||15.2 (2)||(11.3 predicted, +0.3)|
1) Running average based on the
daily 20:00 UTC observed solar flux
value at 2800 MHz.
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (NOAA/SEC) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 30-50% lower.
This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and analysis, and partly on data from some of these solar data sources. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.