Solar Terrestrial Activity Report

Last update issued on June 7, 2003 at 04:30 UTC.

[Solar and geomagnetic data - last month (updated daily)]
[Solar wind and electron fluence charts (updated daily)]
[Solar cycles 21-23 (last update June 3, 2003)]
[Solar cycles 1-20]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 21, 22 and 23 (last update June 3, 2003)]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 2, 10, 13, 17, 20 and 23 (last update June 3, 2003)]
[Historical solar and geomagnetic data charts 1954-2003 (last update April 13, 2003)]
[Archived reports (last update June 1, 2003)]

Recent activity

The geomagnetic field was quiet to unsettled on June 6. Solar wind speed ranged between 482 and 703 km/sec under the influence of a high speed stream from the eastern part of coronal hole CH42.

Solar flux measured at 20h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 125.6. The planetary A index was 13 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap indices: 14.1).
Three hour interval K indices: 32333333 (planetary), 22332333 (Boulder).

The background x-ray flux is at the class B7 level.

At midnight there were 9 spotted regions on the visible disk. Solar flare activity was moderate. A total of 10 C and 1 M class events was recorded during the day.

Region 10373 was quiet and stable.
Region 10375 developed quickly, particularly in the southern part where impressive penumbral growth was observed. Several small negative polarity spots are located some distance to the east of the majority of the spots, however, magnetograms that these spots do belong to this region. The region has a magnetic delta structure and could produce further M class flares. A major flare is possible as well. Flares: C1.1 at 04:05, C1.4 at 11:50, C2.8/1F at 13:58, C2.5 at 16:18 and M1.0 at 23:38 UTC. The M flare was associated with a weak type II radio sweep and a small CME observed off of the north pole.
Region 10376 decayed quickly and had a couple of tiny spots left at the end of the day.
Region 10377 developed slowly and quietly.
Region 10378 developed slowly adding a trailing penumbra. Flare: C2.5 at 17:44 UTC.
New region 10379 emerged on June 5 and was numbered by SEC the next day. The region is decaying and could become spotless before rotating over the southwest limb on June 8.

Spotted regions not yet numbered by NOAA/SEC:
[S176] A new region emerged on June 5 west of region 10375. The region developed slowly on June 6 as penumbra formed on the leading spot. Location at midnight: N14E01.
[S178] A new region emerged in the southwest quadrant on June 6. Location at midnight: S15W28.
[S179] A new region rotated partly into view at the southeast limb on June 6. This is a large region and appears to be fairly complex. A large positive polarity field has negative polarity areas both on its eastern and western sides. Minor M class flaring is likely from this region with major flares possible. Location at midnight: S15E80. The region was the source of a long duration C9 event early on June 7. Flares: C1.6 at 12:23, C1.5 at 12:52, C1.5 at 13:20, C2.3 at 14:35 and C1.6 at 15:42 UTC.

Coronal mass ejections (CMEs)

June 4-6: No obviously geoeffective CMEs observed. A full halo CME observed on June 6 apparently had its origin several days behind the southwest limb.

Coronal holes

Coronal hole history (since late October 2002)
Compare today's report with the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago

A huge recurrent coronal hole (CH42) in the southern hemisphere was in a geoeffective position on May 29-June 6.

Processed SOHO EIT 284 image at 01:06 UTC on June 7. Any black areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.


The geomagnetic field is expected to be unsettled to minor storm June 7-9 due to a high speed stream from the eastern part of coronal hole CH42.

Long distance medium wave (AM) band propagation along east-west paths over high and upper middle latitudes is very poor and will likely stay poor to very poor until at least June 10. Propagation along north-south paths is fair to good. [Trans Atlantic propagation conditions are currently monitored every night on 1470 kHz. Dominant station tonight: Radio Cristal del Uruguay]

Coronal holes (1) Coronal mass ejections (2) M and X class flares (3)
Coronal hole indicator CME indicator M and X class flare indicator

1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth within the next 5 days.
2) Material from a CME is likely to impact Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.

Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.

Active solar regions (Recent map)

Compare to the previous day's image.

Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by NOAA/SEC. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SEC or where SEC has observed no spots.

Solar region Date numbered SEC
Location at midnight Area Classification Comment
10373 2003.05.27 2 1 N07W52 0080 CSO classification was HSX
at midnight
10375 2003.06.01 25 80 N12E09 0490 DKI beta-gamma-delta
classification was FKI
at midnight, area 0700
10376 2003.06.02 1 2 S11W44 0020 HSX classification was AXX
at midnight, area 0000
10377 2003.06.04 5 11 N04E43 0090 DSO  
10378 2003.06.05 2 4 N16E57 0040 CRO classification was DSO
at midnight
10379 2003.06.06 3 1 S19W68 0040 CSO formerly region S177
classification was AXX
at midnight, area 0010
S173 emerged on
    N05W73     plage
S175 emerged on
    N14W63     plage
S176 emerged on
  3 N14E01 0020 HSX  
S178 emerged on
  6 S15W28 0020 BXO  
S179 visible on
  12 S15E80 0500 DKC beta-gamma-delta
Total spot count: 38 120
SSN: 98 210

Monthly solar cycle data

Month Average solar
flux at Earth
International sunspot number Smoothed sunspot number
2000.04 184.2 125.5 120.8
cycle 23 sunspot max.
2000.07 202.3 170.1 119.8
2001.12 235.1 132.2 114.6 (-0.9)
2002.05 178.4 120.8 108.8 (-1.7)
2002.06 148.7 88.3 106.2 (-2.6)
2002.07 173.5 99.6 102.7 (-3.5)
2002.08 183.6 116.4 98.7 (-4.0)
2002.09 175.8 109.6 94.6 (-4.1)
2002.10 167.0 97.5 90.5 (-4.1)
2002.11 168.7 95.5 85.2 (-5.3)
2002.12 157.2 80.8 (81.4 predicted, -3.8)
2003.01 144.0 79.5 (78.3 predicted, -3.1)
2003.02 124.5 46.2 (73.3 predicted, -5.0)
2003.03 131.4 61.5 (67.6 predicted, -5.7)
2003.04 126.4 60.0 (62.7 predicted, -4.9)
2003.05 115.7 55.2 (57.8 predicted, -4.9)
2003.06 115.5 (1) 14.9 (2) (53.8 predicted, -4.0)

1) Running average based on the daily 20:00 UTC observed solar flux value at 2800 MHz.
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (NOAA/SEC) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 30-50% less.

This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and interpretations, and partly on data from sources noted in solar links. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.

[DX-Listeners' Club]