Last update issued on March 11, 2003 at 03:50 UTC.
[Solar and geomagnetic data
- last 4 weeks (updated daily)]
[Solar wind and electron fluence charts (updated daily)]
[Solar cycles 21-23 (last update March 3, 2003)]
[Solar cycles 1-20]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 21, 22 and 23 (last update March 3, 2003)]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 10, 13, 17, 20 and 23 (last update March 3, 2003)]
[Historical solar and geomagnetic data charts 1954-2002 (last update January 27, 2003)]
[Archived reports (last update March 10, 2003)]
The geomagnetic field was quiet to active on March 10. Solar wind speed ranged between 371 and 428 km/sec.
Solar flux measured at 20h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 143.7. The planetary A
index was 16 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap indices: 16.9).
Three hour interval K indices: 23334334 (planetary), 13234213 (Boulder).
The background x-ray flux is at the class B3 level.
At midnight there were 7 spotted regions on the visible disk. Solar flare activity was low. A total of 2 C class events were recorded during the day.
Region 10296 was quiet and stable.
Region 10297 decayed slowly and lost most of the small spots which had emerged the previous day. Flare: C1.5 at 09:39 UTC.
Region 10300 reemerged with a few spots.
Region 10302 reemerged with a few spots.
Region 10305 decayed and lost more than half of its penumbral area and most of its spots.
Region 10306 developed a couple of penumbrae north of the huge spot and was otherwise mostly unchanged. Flare: C1.3 at 10:05 UTC.
Region 10311 developed slowly and quietly.
[New region 10312 emerged in the northwest quadrant, then decayed and was spotless at midnight.]
March 8-10: No obviously geoeffective CMEs observed.
Coronal hole history (since late October 2002)
Compare today's report with the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago
A well defined, large, recurrent coronal hole (CH25) will rotate into a geoeffective position on March 11-17. This coronal hole has developed in the northwestern trans equatorial part but seems to have lost the long trans equatorial extension further east.
Processed SOHO EIT 284 image at 01:06 UTC on March 11. Any black areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.
The geomagnetic field is expected to be quiet to active on March 11-12 becoming unsettled to minor storm during the latter half of March 13 as a high speed coronal hole stream begins to dominate the solar wind. Unsettled to active conditions will then be likely until March 20. Long distance medium wave (AM) band propagation along east-west paths over high and upper middle latitudes is very poor, propagation along north-south paths is fair. [Trans Atlantic propagation conditions are currently monitored every night on 1470 kHz. Dominant stations tonight: Radio Cristal del Uruguay, Radio Rafaela (Argentina) and Radio Vibración (Venezuela).]
|Coronal holes (1)||Coronal mass ejections (2)||M and X class flares (3)|
1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth within the
next 5 days.
2) Material from a CME is likely to impact Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.
Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.
Compare to the previous day's image.
Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by SEC/NOAA. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SEC or where SEC has observed no spots.
|Solar region||Date numbered||SEC
|Location at midnight||Area||Classification||Comment|
classification was CAO
at midnight, area 0030
STAR spot count
includes region 10304
these were the
trailing spots of region
10296, now spotless
classification was CAO
the spots belong to
10297, this region
should be deleted
classification was EKO
at midnight. STAR
spot count includes
this is a trailing negative
polarity spot belonging
to region 10306
|10309||2003.03.09||1||N05W90||0020||HSX||rotated out of view|
|10310||2003.03.09||2||S16W62||0010||BXO||spotless early in the day|
|Total spot count:||74||36|
flux at Earth
|International sunspot number||Smoothed sunspot number|
cycle 23 sunspot max.
|2002.09||175.8||109.6||(94.7 predicted, -4.0)|
|2002.10||167.0||97.5||(91.2 predicted, -3.5)|
|2002.11||168.7||95.0||(86.0 predicted, -5.2)|
|2002.12||157.2||81.6||(81.6 predicted, -4.4)|
|2003.01||144.0||79.5||(78.6 predicted, -3.0)|
|2003.02||124.5||46.2||(73.6 predicted, -5.0)|
|2003.03||146.0 (1)||49.2 (2)||(67.9 predicted, -5.7)|
1) Running average based on the daily 20:00 UT observed solar flux value at 2800
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (SEC/NOAA) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 25-45% less.
This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and interpretations, and partly on data from sources noted in solar links. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.