Last major update issued on December 7, 2006 at 04:25 UTC.
geomagnetic data - last month (updated daily)]
[Solar wind and electron fluence charts (updated daily)]
[Solar cycles 21-23 (last update November 12, 2006)]
[Solar cycles 1-20]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 21, 22 and 23 (last update November 12, 2006)]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 2, 10, 13, 17, 20 and 23 (last update November 12, 2006)]
[Historical solar and geomagnetic data charts 1954-2005 (last update March 3, 2006)]
[Archived reports (last update November 12, 2006)]
The geomagnetic field was unsettled to minor storm on December 6. Solar wind speed ranged between 407 and 638 km/s (all day average 496 km/s - increasing 156 km/s over the previous day) under the influence of a high speed stream from CH250.
Solar flux measured at 18h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 102.7. The planetary A index was 28 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap indices: 27.8). Three hour interval K indices: 34355353 (planetary), 33354343 (Boulder).
The background x-ray flux is at the class B4 level.
At midnight there were 3 spotted regions on the visible solar disk. The solar flare activity level was high. A total of 15 C, 3 M and 1 X class events was recorded during the day.
Region 10926 decayed significantly and was quiet.
Region 10927 was quiet and stable.
Region 10930 is still a complex region capable of producing major flares. There is a magnetic delta structure in the northwestern part where negative polarity is nearly embedded within a strong positive polarity area. Another negative polarity area further south is completely surrounded by positive polarity. Flares: M1.1 at 02:20, C2.4 at 05:40, C1.0 at 07:10, C1.5 at 07:28, C1.7 at 07:37, major M6.0 long duration event peaking at 08:23, C4.8 at 12:58, C2.5 at 14:28, C2.1 at 15:05, C1.7 at 15:58, C1.4 at 16:11, C4.4 at 16:21, major X6.5/3B proton flare at 18:47 (associated with strong type II and IV radio sweeps), M3.5 at 20:19, C7.4 at 21:52, C3.1 at 22:31 and C1.7 at 23:13 UTC.
December 4: No obvious partly or fully Earth directed CMEs
were detected in very incomplete LASCO imagery.
December 5: While no LASCO images are available from the time after the X9 event, such events are often associated with large and fast CMEs, so there is at least a chance of a flank impact from the CME produced by the event.
December 6: No LASCO images available. It is likely that a large and fast CME was produced by the extremely bright X6.5 flare. This CME could reach Earth on December 8.
history (since late October 2002)
Compare today's report to the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago
A recurrent coronal hole (CH250) in the southern hemisphere was in an Earth facing position on December 3-4.
Processed SOHO/EIT 284 image at 19:06 UTC on November 24. The darkest areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.
The geomagnetic field is expected to be unsettled to minor storm on December 7 with a chance of major storm intervals due to effects from CH250. The forecast for December 8 is uncertain as a major CME impact is possible. If the CME arrives we could see severe storm intervals that day and on December 9.
|Coronal holes (1)||Coronal mass ejections (2)||M and X class flares (3)|
1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth
within the next 5 days. When the high speed stream has arrived the
color changes to green.
2) Effects from a CME are likely to be observed at Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.
Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.
Long distance low and medium frequency (below 2 MHz) propagation along east-west paths over high and upper middle latitudes is very poor. Propagation on long distance northeast-southwest paths is very poor.
Monitoring remarks from a location near N58E06: 930 CJYQ was noted occasionally with a very weak signal, otherwise no audio were heard from other TA stations.
Compare to the previous day's image.
Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by NOAA/SEC. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SEC or where SEC has observed no spots. SEC active region numbers in the table below and in the active region map above are the historic SEC/USAF numbers.
|Active region||Date numbered||SEC
|Location at midnight||Area||Classification||Comment|
|10926||2006.11.24||5||3||S08W70||0070||EAO||classification was CSO at midnight, area 0030|
|Total spot count:||14||17|
flux at Earth
|International sunspot number||Smoothed sunspot number|
cycle 23 sunspot max.
|2006.06||76.5||13.9||(16.3 predicted, -1.0)|
|2006.07||75.7||12.2||(14.7 predicted, -1.6)|
|2006.08||79.0||12.9||(14.2 predicted, -0.5)|
|2006.09||77.8||14.5||(14.1 predicted, -0.1)|
|2006.10||74.3||10.4||(13.0 predicted, -1.1)|
|2006.11||86.3||21.5||(11.5 predicted, -1.5)|
|2006.12||93.3 (1)||9.8 (2)||(11.3 predicted, -0.2)|
1) Running average based on the
daily 20:00 UTC observed solar flux
value at 2800 MHz.
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (NOAA/SEC) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 30-50% lower.
This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and analysis, and partly on data from some of these solar data sources. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.