Last major update issued on May 6, 2006 at 05:00 UTC.
geomagnetic data - last month (updated daily)]
[Solar wind and electron fluence charts (updated daily)]
[Solar cycles 21-23 (last update April 1, 2006)]
[Solar cycles 1-20]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 21, 22 and 23 (last update April 1, 2006)]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 2, 10, 13, 17, 20 and 23 (last update April 1, 2006)]
[Historical solar and geomagnetic data charts 1954-2005 (last update March 3, 2006)]
[Archived reports (last update May 3, 2006)]
The geomagnetic field was quiet to active on May 5. Solar wind speed ranged between 297 and 359 (all day average 331) km/sec. Solar wind speed increased slowly and has early on May 6 reached 400 km/sec under the increasing influence of a moderately high speed stream from CH222.
Solar flux measured at 20h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 86.7. The planetary A index
was 13 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap
Three hour interval K indices: 43432201 (planetary), 43542101 (Boulder).
The background x-ray flux is at the class B1 level.
At midnight there were 4 spotted regions on the visible solar disk. The solar flare activity level was very low. No C class events were recorded during the day.
Region 10878 decayed slowly and quietly.
Region 10879 decayed further and had only a single tiny spot left at the end of the day.
Region 10880 was quiet and stable.
New region 10881 rotated into view at the southeast limb.
May 3 and 5: No partly or fully Earth directed CMEs were observed in LASCO
May 4: A partial halo CME was observed in LASCO images early in the day following a filament eruption near spotless region 10876.
Coronal hole history (since late October 2002)
Compare today's report with the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago
A recurrent trans equatorial coronal hole (CH222) was in an Earth facing position on May 2-4.
Processed SOHO/EIT 284 image at 01:06 UTC on May 6. The darkest areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.
The geomagnetic field is expected to be quiet to minor storm on May 6 due to a high speed stream from CH222. Quiet to active conditions are likely on May 7 becoming mostly quiet on May 8-9.
|Coronal holes (1)||Coronal mass ejections (2)||M and X class flares (3)|
1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth
within the next 5 days. When the high speed stream has arrived the color changes to green.
2) Effects from a CME are likely to be observed at Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.
Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.
Long distance low and medium frequency (below 2 MHz) propagation along east-west paths over high and upper middle latitudes is poor. Propagation on long distance northeast-southwest paths is poor. Trans Atlantic propagation conditions are normally monitored every night on 1470 kHz. Tonight Radio Vibración (Venezuela) and Radio Cristal del Uruguay were both audible at times with weak signals. Some of the most often heard stations from Newfoundland and Nova Scotia were audible at low levels during the hour before local sunrise.
Compare to the previous day's image.
Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by NOAA/SEC. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SEC or where SEC has observed no spots. SEC active region numbers in the table below and in the active region map above are the historic SEC/USAF numbers.
|Active region||Date numbered||SEC
|Location at midnight||Area||Classification||Comment|
|10875||2006.04.23||3||S13W85||0070||CSO||rotated out of view|
|10879||2006.05.02||3||1||N16W31||0020||CSO||classification was AXX at midnight, area 0010|
|Total spot count:||11||6|
flux at Earth
|International sunspot number||Smoothed sunspot number|
cycle 23 sunspot max.
|2005.11||86.3||18.0||(24.5 predicted, -1.0)|
|2005.12||90.7||41.2||(21.8 predicted, -2.7)|
|2006.01||83.4||15.4||(18.7 predicted, -3.1)|
|2006.02||76.5||4.7||(15.6 predicted, -3.1)|
|2006.03||75.4||10.8||(13.4 predicted, -2.2)|
|2006.04||89.0||30.2||(12.7 predicted, -0.7)|
|2006.05||90.1 (1)||6.7 (2)||(12.2 predicted, -0.5)|
1) Running average based on the
daily 20:00 UTC observed solar flux
value at 2800 MHz.
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (NOAA/SEC) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 30-50% lower.
This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and analysis, and partly on data from some of these solar data sources. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.