Last major update issued on January 6, 2007 at 06:15 UTC.
geomagnetic data - last month (updated daily)]
[Solar wind and electron fluence charts (updated daily)]
[Solar cycles 21-23 (last update November 12, 2006)]
[Solar cycles 1-20]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 21, 22 and 23 (last update November 12, 2006)]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 2, 10, 13, 17, 20 and 23 (last update November 12, 2006)]
[Historical solar and geomagnetic data charts 1954-2005 (last update March 3, 2006)]
[Archived reports (last update December 18, 2006)]
The geomagnetic field was quiet to unsettled on January 5. Solar wind speed ranged between 548 and 662 km/s (all day average 579 km/s - decreasing 65 km/s compared to the previous day) under the weakening influence of a high speed stream from CH254.
Solar flux measured at 20h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 89.4. The planetary A index was 9 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap indices: 9.0). Three hour interval K indices: 32233221 (planetary), 32333211 (Boulder).
The background x-ray flux is at the class A2 level.
At midnight there were 4 spotted regions on the visible solar disk. The solar flare activity level was very low. No C class events were recorded during the day.
Region 10933 decayed substantially and lost all but one of the
trailing spots. The single penumbra lost some area as well.
Region 10934 decayed and could soon become spotless.
Region 10935 was quiet and stable.
Spotted regions not numbered by NOAA/SEC:
[S688] This region emerged early in the day in the northeast quadrant.
January 2-4: No obvious partly or fully Earth directed CMEs were detected in LASCO imagery.
history (since late October 2002)
Compare today's report to the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago
No obvious coronal hole are currently near or approaching Earth facing positions.
Processed SOHO/EIT 195 image at 00:00 UTC on January 6. The darkest areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.
The geomagnetic field is expected to be mostly quiet on January 6-11.
|Coronal holes (1)||Coronal mass ejections (2)||M and X class flares (3)|
1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth
within the next 5 days. When the high speed stream has arrived the
color changes to green.
2) Effects from a CME are likely to be observed at Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.
Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.
Monitoring has been temporarily suspended (as of January 1, 2007).
Compare to the previous day's image.
Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by NOAA/SEC. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SEC or where SEC has observed no spots. SEC active region numbers in the table below and in the active region map above are the historic SEC/USAF numbers.
|Active region||Date numbered||SEC
|Location at midnight||Area||Classification||Comment|
|10933||2006.12.30||11||2||S03E00||0250||DAO||classification was CSO at midnight, area 0180, location S05W03|
|10934||2006.12.31||1||2||N04W02||0020||HRX||area was 0010 at midnight|
|10935||2007.01.03||1||1||S05E24||0240||HAX||classification was HSX at midnight, area 0220|
|Total spot count:||13||6|
flux at Earth
|International sunspot number||Smoothed sunspot number|
cycle 23 sunspot max.
|2006.07||75.7||12.2||(15.0 predicted, -1.3)|
|2006.08||79.0||12.9||(14.9 predicted, -0.1)|
|2006.09||77.8||14.5||(14.7 predicted, -0.2)|
|2006.10||74.3||10.4||(13.5 predicted, -1.2)|
|2006.11||86.3||21.5||(12.1 predicted, -1.4)|
|2006.12||84.5||13.6||(11.7 predicted, -0.4)|
|2007.01||87.4 (1)||5.6 (2)||(11.9 predicted, +0.2)|
1) Running average based on the
daily 20:00 UTC observed solar flux
value at 2800 MHz.
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (NOAA/SEC) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 30-50% lower.
This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and analysis, and partly on data from some of these solar data sources. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.