Last major update issued on May 19, 2007 at 02:40 UTC.
geomagnetic data - last month (updated daily)]
[Solar wind and electron fluence charts (updated daily)
[Solar cycles 21-23 (last update May 6, 2007)]
[Solar cycles 1-20]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 21, 22 and 23 (last update May 6, 2007)]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 2, 10, 13, 17, 20 and 23 (last update May 6, 2007)]
[Historical solar and geomagnetic data charts 1954-2006 (last update April 5, 2007)]
[Archived reports (last update April 7, 2007)]
The geomagnetic field was quiet to active on May 18. Solar wind speed ranged between 298 and 645 km/s (average speed was 434 km/s, increasing 140 km/s over the previous day) under the influence of a high speed stream from CH269.
Solar flux measured at 20h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 75.8. The planetary A index was 18 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap indices: 17.8). Three hour interval K indices: 32444333 (planetary), 22443332 (Boulder).
The background x-ray flux is at the class A3 level.
At midnight there were 2 spotted regions on the visible solar disk. The solar flare activity level was very low. No C class events were recorded during the day.
Region 10956 decayed slightly losing a few spots. Opposite polarity
spots within the main penumbra increased their separation and there is a chance
that penumbra will split into two separate penumbrae today.
An M class flare is still possible.
Region 10957 had new flux emerge which caused several spots to develop.
May 16-18: No obvious fully or partially Earth directed CMEs were observed in LASCO imagery.
history (since late October 2002)
Compare today's report to the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago
A recurrent coronal hole (CH269) in the southern hemisphere was in an Earth facing position on May 15-16. Another recurrent coronal hole (CH270) in the southern hemisphere will likely rotate into an Earth facing position on May 21-23.
Processed SOHO/EIT 195 image at 13:13 UTC on May 18. The darkest areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.
The geomagnetic field is expected to be quiet to active on May 19 due to effects from CH269 and quiet to unsettled on May 20-21. Quiet conditions are likely on May 22-23. Unsettled to minor storm is expected for May 24-26.
|Coronal holes (1)||Coronal mass ejections (2)||M and X class flares (3)|
1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth
within the next 5 days. When the high speed stream has arrived the
color changes to green.
2) Effects from a CME are likely to be observed at Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.
Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.
Daily monitoring will not resume until a local noise problem (related to construction work on a neighboring property) has been fixed. Occasional monitoring reports will be submitted when propagation is good.
April 8, 2007: Stations from the Canadian Atlantic provinces had strong signals during the night. Some stations from the northeastern USA and from Florida did well too, in particular 1510 WWZN was impressive.
Compare to the previous day's image.
Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by NOAA/SEC. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SEC or where SEC has observed no spots. SEC active region numbers in the table below and in the active region map above are the historic SEC/USAF numbers.
|Active region||Date numbered||SEC
|Location at midnight||Area||Classification||Comment|
|10957||2007.05.16||3||7||S05W60||0030||CRO||classification was CAO at midnight|
|Total spot count:||25||33|
flux at Earth
|International sunspot number||Smoothed sunspot number|
cycle 23 sunspot max.
|2006.11||86.3||21.5||(12.7 predicted, -1.5)|
|2006.12||84.5||13.6||(12.0 predicted, -0.7)|
|2007.01||83.3||16.9||(11.5 predicted, -0.5)|
|2007.02||77.7||10.6||(11.2 predicted, -0.3)|
|2007.03||72.2||4.8||(11.1 predicted, -0.1)|
|2007.04||72.4||3.7||(11.6 predicted, +0.5)|
|2007.05||77.0 (1)||15.2 (2)||(11.7 predicted, +0.1)|
1) Running average based on the
daily 20:00 UTC observed solar flux
value at 2800 MHz.
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (NOAA/SEC) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 30-50% lower.
This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and analysis, and partly on data from some of these solar data sources. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.